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Edward and Abigail's Story

This is Page Three of Three

By Janie Kimble and Paula Mellor

On this page we will try to untangle the story of where Edward and some of his relatives were buried.

A drawing or survey of the original gravesite has been found.  This drawing dated Sept 3, 1921, was prepared before the gravestones were removed.  It is labeled "Jackson Cemetery, Clarksburg" but that is not entirely accurate.  This cemetery is not in Clarksburg; rather this is a family plot near Mount Clare and should not be confused with the historic Jackson Cemetery on Pike Street in Clarksburg.  The drawing shows the layout of the family burial plot located on Edward Jackson's home farm about one mile south of Mount Clare in Harrison County, West Virginia.  The following folks are buried there, listed in order of death.  The years of birth and death we have added for clarity.

Edward Jackson 1741-1807 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Stephen's granddaughter, Susan & Benjamin Bassel's dau, Susan Bassel 1821-1825
10 11 12
Stephen's sister Phoebe Jackson Stout 1793-1827 13 14 15 
Stephen's daughter Susan Jackson Bassel 1790-1838 16 17
*Edward's son Stephen Jackson 1764-1847 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Stephen's wife Elizabeth Pomeroy Jackson 1765-1850 26 27 28 29 30 
Stephen's son-in-law, Susan's husband, Benjamin Bassel 1785-1856
31
Stephen's brother-in-law, Phoebe's husband, James Stout 1780-1863 32 33 34

Edward had purchased 200 acres in 1792 from George Arnold(35) , and later sold 101 acres to his son, Stephen* in 1806. (36)  It is possible that he sold the 101 acres to his son in anticipation of his failing health and death the following year.  The burial plot was likely on the 101 acres that Stephen had purchased, and there his father was buried in 1807, his granddaughter in 1825, his sister Phoebe in 1827, and his daughter, Susan Jackson Bassel in 1838.  Stephen himself was buried there in 1847 and his wife followed in 1850.  The property passed into the hands of the Bassel family and Benjamin Bassel joined his wife there in 1856.  The last burial appears to have been Phoebe's husband in 1863.

Then one hundred and ten years after the last burial - in 1973 - descendants became concerned about the condition of the cemetery.  The action that these descendants took is gleaned from surviving letters that were written among the family.

In a letter written January 28, 1976 Zella H. Ford (38) wrote to Mr. Willis G. Tetrick Jr. that she and other descendants had moved Edward's stone to the Seventh Day Baptist Church at Salem.  Another letter has survived; one written by Ruth Dorcus Jackson(39)  to Mary (Mary M. Jackson) dated Tuesday, September 28. 1976 in which Ruth writes:

      "After I wrote you last, I received a letter from Mrs. Hoffman, author of the
DAR microfilm "Colonial Ancestors of Edward Jackson (1741 - 1807)".  She writes that
she is much to busy to look up her Jackson records now.  She has a business of sup-
plying coat of arms, - - doing research in heraldry.  She says, "I do honest research
and can prove and make a lineage of all sketched in the book.
       She gave one new piece of information: "In 1973 'Cousin' Zella Ford and her
husband, Dr. Earl Ford, La Jolla, Calif. went back to Salem, W. Va. and found the
gravestone of Edward and his son Stephen, on a farm where animals had been turned
into. They got it cleaned up and had it moved to the 7th Day Baptist Cemetery next
to our Sarah Abigail (Jackson) Hughes.  I have some pictures of it.  I also have some 
new data on your William Jackson with a listing of his 11 children from Craig Weaver,
Columbus, Ohio." (They moved the stone, not the grave, evidently.)"

So we know who moved Edward's stone and possibly Stephen's and his wife Elizabeth's also, but the latter two are not specifically mentioned in these letters.  It was then 110 years after the last burial and folks had become confused about their ancestors.  It was nearly 200 years earlier that Edward had moved into the area and 166 years since he was buried on the family farm.  During the years Edward lived at Mt. Clare, there was another Edward Jackson also living in the area.  So as memories faded, descendants became uncertain of their ancestors and sought the services of Roy B. Cook to help sort these folks out.

Roy B. Cook, a pharmacist and part-time researcher was hired by Thomas J. Arnold to research Edward's ancestry and to distinguish it from the other local Edward Jackson.  In Mr. Cook's report
(
40) prepared in 1928 he said that Edward's middle name was William and that Edward was born in 1730.  Where he got this information is unknown but this misinformation was widely distributed and accepted.  In his list of Edward's children, Mr. Cook records a daughter named Sarah who was born in 1786 which date has proved to be correct (see Chapter 2).

By 1967, Glady Stutler Hoffman(41) had published a manuscript entitled "Colonial Ancestors of Edward Jackson 1741 - 1807, Revolutionary War Soldier". (42)  (In her document she has his correct birth year and did not use a middle initial.)  In this document she states that "The Jackson and allied families in this manuscript is my own research" and goes on to give credit to the many and various people who have helped her with it.  On the whole, it appears to be excellent work, but there is at least one glaring problem with Edward's family. 

The report Mrs. Hoffman makes for Edward's daughter Sarah is based on another woman's history who was born 21 years earlier than Edward's daughter Sarah.  This bit of conflicting data is covered in detail in Chapter One and Chapter Two.  But this error has been accepted and compounded through the years.  The woman that Glady Hoffman writes about is probably Edward's niece, daughter of his brother William, though this has not yet been documented.  Edward's daughter was named Sarah and William's daughter was named Abigail.  Genealogists, including Mrs. Hoffman, managed this problem by calling the daughter Sarah Abigail and the father Edward William.  But when the real Sarah Jackson showed up because of later genealogy research, the problem became evident and needed some explanation.

But in the meantime, folks had accepted the idea that ‘Sarah Abigail’ was Edward’s daughter and so when they decided something must be done about the condition of the cemetery and the stones, they looked about for a better place to locate the stones.  They thought Abigail was his daughter and so it seemed right to them to place the stones close to her gravestone in the cemetery at Seventh Day Baptist Church in Salem.   The name on her gravestone is Abigail Jackson Hughes.  (No Sarah.)  The only problem is that Abigail Jackson Hughes was NOT Edward's daughter.   Nor has there been any evidence showing Edward or Stephen had any connection or relationship with this church.  

Now another element enters the situation: The stone that was moved was NOT the original stone!  The following paragraph regarding the stone and the discrepancy in the dates on Edward's stone: (43)

Quote:  "Edward and Stephen are both buried on the home farm in the family plot, about one mile south of Mount Clare.  In 1973 the gravestone of Edward and his son, Stephen, was found in a field where animals had been turned into, it was cleaned up and moved to the Seven Day Baptist Cemetery next to Sarah Abigail (Jackson) Hughes. 
As to the conflicting dates as to Edward's birth, here is one explanation from Mary Jackson(44)  in Jane Lew, West Virginia:  'This was not the original monument.  Years ago my father's oldest brother Goodloe Jackson(45)  bought this monument for Edward.  He could have been mistaken about the dates.  About forty years ago I visited this graveyard, then it was fenced.  At that time I think the farm in which they were buried belonged to Henry Bassel whose grandmother was Susan Jackson, a daughter of Stephen.'"  Unquote   [This is Henry Bassel Jr., s/o Henry Sr., son of Susannah Jackson and Benj. Bassel.]

So now the original stone is gone and the newer stone has the wrong birth year on it and it is placed, not beside his daughter, but beside his niece.  Because of the original error in relationship many documents have been written and pictures taken propagating the error. 

We are not the first researchers to address this problem.  A quote from an article in Hacker's Creek Journal Vol. VIII Issue I 1989, pg 22 by Earl D. Balsley:

"If I am correct that Pvt. Edward Jackson of the American Revolutionary War who died in 1807 Harrison County is not in fact Abigail's father, then someone did a very damaging act in moving Edward Jackson's grave marker from the Robert Mendes farm on Brown's Creek near Mt. Clare Harrison County, to the Seven Day Baptist Church Cemetery in Salem, WV so it could be near Abigail's gravesite.  As Robert Mendes told me in 1985, they did not disturb the actual graves, but only removed the family marker which now lays broken beside Abigail Hughes' fine monument at this old and historical church in Salem, WV."

(See a picture  of Abigail's tombstone with the the grave stones of Edward and his daughter-in-law Elizabeth Pomeroy Jackson nearby.  The letters do not mention moving  Elizabeth's stone, but obviously it was also moved.  No government markers are in place there.  The cemetery has been vandalized and many stones broken and misplaced.  Edward's stone is not broken, but Elizabeth's stone is.   Also, there is no 'family marker' as mentioned  above by Mr. Balsley.  But in front of Elizabeth's stone is the bottom of her stone which was supposed to be upright.  I (Paula) just wonder if that might be the family marker talked about.)

So it is our conclusion that folks thinking that Abigail must be Edward's daughter just because his grave marker has been placed close to hers are basing their assumptions on very shaky ground.  Sarah Jackson Flesher/Fletcher has now been proved to be Edward's daughter (see Chapter One and Two), and Abigail Jackson Hughes is thought to be the daughter of William Jackson of Carter County, Tennessee and granddaughter of 'General' Joseph Jackson of New Jersey, but the only 'proof' of that so far is Abigail's marriage bond signed by William.  So further research on both William and Abigail is eagerly awaited.  The Abigail and Jonathan Hughes family is highly regarded and deserves to be researched thoroughly.

===========================================================================================
End Note Citations

        (1) "Lloyd Jackson Notes" handwritten, Pg. 21.  A copy was found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendents Library in Horner, WV,  and a transcription of these Notes may be found on this site.  See Table of Contents. 

        (2) Glady Stutler Hoffmann, "Colonial Ancestors of Edward Jackson (1741-1807) Revolutionary War Soldier", 1967,  Pg. 4.  Manuscript found and copied from the Washington Memorial Library, Macon, GA.

        (3) Margaret Parks Ewing, Langfitt and Davis, British and Colonial Ancestry, Gateway Press Inc., Baltimore, 1987, Pg. 91.

        (4) Unknown P. A. Jackson, "Jackson Ledger", 1887-1911, Pg. 10 (Birth)  A copy was found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendents Library in Horner, WV,  and a transcription of this Ledger may be found on this site.  See Table of Contents. 

        (5) Patricia Law Hatcher, Abstract Of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots, Vol. 2 E-K,  (Published in 1987 by: Pioneer Heritage Press, 8040 Claremont Drive Dallas Texas 75228).   Material in this book is an abstract of, and index to, information reported by National Society Daughters of the American Revolution and published in their annual reports to the Smithsonian Institute, printed as Senate Documents (1900-1974), published by the Society in a separate volume (1975-1977) and published annually in the DAR magazine (1978-1987)
Library of Congress Catalogue Card number 87-61590
ISBN 0-944065-01-5Pg. 197 & 198 (Burial)

        (6) Tenmile District Harrison County, WV Cemetery Records, (published 1989, revised 1995 by the Harrison County Genealogical Society, Editor Martha Day Dennison), Pg. 172. 
Jackson, Edward Rev. War) 1730-1820

        (7) Harrison County Genealogical Society (Harrison County, W. Va.), Harrison County, West Virginia Cemeteries Volume Two (Includes Grant Magisterial District ; Cemeteries, Clark District Cemeteries, Harrison County WV, Pg. 430 A-5, Addendum information Jackson Cemetery.
(* Names marked with * was given by Mrs. Dollie Bassel. The Board of Parks & Recreation shared this information and partial graph with her concerning the restoration of the Jackson Cem.
*Jackson Edward 174? - 1807

        (8) Patricia Law Hatcher, Abstracts Of Revolutionary Patriots Vol 2 E-K  (Published in 1987 by Pioneer Heritage Press 8040 Claremont Drive Dallas Texas 75228)
Pg. 197
Jackson, Edward  Home farm, family plot, 1 mile S of Mt Clare, Harrison Co WV 17

        (9) Cemeteries Grant Magisterial Dist. Harrison County, WV, (Harrison County Genealogical Society Clarksburg, Harrison County, WV), Pg. 65-66.
"Old Jackson-Bassel Cemetery", Grant District, located on property owned by Robert and Eulene Mendez, no stones are left, the grave of Edward Jackson, Rev. War Vet. 1730-1820 was taken to the Seventh Day Baptist Church Cemetery at Salem."

        (10) Lolita A. Guthrie, "Family Stories & Bible Records of Central West Virginia, Extracts from Clarksburg Exponent Telegram Oct. 1932 - Feb. 1933" Vol. 2, (Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendants), Pg. 61.
October 1, 1821 - November 10, 1825

        (11) Unknown P. A. Jackson, "Jackson Ledger", 1887-1911, Pg. 10 (Birth) Pg. 34, died young. 
No Dates.  A copy was found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendents Library in Horner, WV,  and a transcription of this Ledger may be found on this site.  See Table of Contents.  

        (12) Harrison County, West Virginia Cemeteries Volume Two, Harrison County Genealogical Society (Harrison County, WV), (Includes Grant Magisterial District; Cemeteries, Clark District Cemeteries, Harrison County WV., Pg. 426 A-1, Addendum information Jackson Cemetery.
(* Names marked with * was given by Mrs. Dollie Bassel. The Board of Parks & Recreation shared this information and partial graph with her concerning the restoration of the Jackson Cem.
*Bassel Susan d/o Susan & Benjamin Bassel 

        (13) Unknown P. A. Jackson, "Jackson Ledger", 1887-1911, Pg. 44. born 1794 Pg. 22. died April 10, 1827.  A copy was found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendents Library in Horner, WV,  and a transcription of this Ledger may be found on this site.  See Table of Contents. 

        (14) Roy B. Cook Notarized Paper on Edward Jackson Line, 1934, born 7-19-1793.  A transcription of this report is found in the Table of Contents on the Resources page.

        (15) Glady Stutler Hoffmann, "Colonial Ancestors of Edward Jackson 1741-1807 Revolutionary War Soldier", 1967, Pg. 6.
birth 19 July 1793.  Manuscript found and copied from the Washington Memorial Library, Macon, GA.

        (16) Lolita A. Guthrie, "Family Stories & Bible Records of Central West Virginia Extracts from Clarksburg Exponent Telegram Oct. 1932 - Feb. 1933" Vol. 2, Pg. 61 (Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendants). 
Indian Scout
Mrs. Abraham Carper, late wife of the subject of this sketch, was a descendant of Benjamin Bassel, who was born February 20, 1785, at Litchfield, Conn., and of Susannah A. Jackson Bassel, one of the daughters of Stephen A. Jackson Bassel, who was born in New Jersey but moved to Virginia in his youth and became a scout and Indian spy, one of the first to locate in Harrison county.  His wife, Elizabeth Pomeroy Jackson, was born February 14, 1790.
(Paula: My opinion is this is the birth date for Susannah Jackson d/o Stephen & Elizabeth and wife of Benjamin Bassel, instead of Elizabeth Pomeroy Jackson who's birth date is 1765)

        (17) Harrison County, West Virginia Cemeteries Volume Two, Harrison County Genealogical Society (Harrison County, WV), (Includes Grant Magisterial District; Cemeteries, Clark District Cemeteries, Harrison County W., Pg. 426 A-1, Addendum information Jackson Cemetery.
(* Names marked with * was given by Mrs. Dollie Bassel. The Board of Parks & Recreation shared this information and partial graph with her concerning the restoration of the Jackson Cemetery.
*Bassel Susannah Jackson 1770 - 1838 w/o Benjamin (Paula: ? Typo on birth year)

        (18) Unknown P. A. Jackson,  "Jackson Ledger", 1887-1911, Pg. 13;  born July 31, 1764.  A copy was found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendents Library in Horner, WV,  and a transcription of this Ledger may be found on this site.  See Table of Contents. 

        (19) Lloyd Jackson, "Lloyd Jackson Notes" handwritten, Pg. 24; born 31 July 1764 d. Aug. 1847.  A copy was found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendents Library (HCPD)  in Horner, WV,  and a transcription of these Notes may be found on this site.  See Table of Contents. 

        (20) Roy B. Cook Notarized Paper on Edward Jackson Line 1934; Sarah born 31 Jul 1768. No death date.

        (21) Glady Stutler Hoffmann, "Colonial Ancestors of Edward Jackson (1741-1807) Revolutionary War Soldier", 1967.   Manuscript found and copied from the Washington Memorial library, Macon, GA.
Pg. 5
Stephen b. July 31, 1764 N.J. d. Aug 1847 Jane Lew, VA.

        (22) Harrison County, West Virginia Cemeteries Volume Two, Harrison County Genealogical Society (Harrison County, WV), (Includes Grant Magisterial District; Cemeteries, Clark District Cemeteries, Harrison County WV, Pg. 430 A-5, Addendum information Jackson Cemetery.
(* Names marked with * was given by Mrs. Dollie Bassel. The Board of Parks & Recreation shared this information and partial graph with her concerning the restoration of the Jackson Cem.
*Jackson Stephen NO DATES

        (23) Tenmile District Harrison County, WV Cemetery Records, (published 1989, revised 1995 by the Harrison County Genealogical Society, Editor Martha Day Dennison), 
Pg. 172.
Jackson Stephen  (Son of Edward) 7/31/1764-8/1847

        (24) Tombstone is illegible.

        (25) Patricia Law Hatcher, Abstracts Of Revolutionary Patriots Vol 2 E-K.  (Published in 1987 by Pioneer Heritage Press 8040 Claremont Drive Dallas Texas 75228)
Material in this book is an abstract of, and index to, information reported by National Society Daughters of the American Revolution and published in their annual reports to the Smithsonian Institute, printed as Senate Documents (1900-1974), published by the Society in a separate volume (1975-1977) and published annually in the DAR magazine (1978-1987)
Library of Congress Catalogue Card number 87-61590
ISBN 0-944065-01-5
Pg. 198
Jackson, Stephen Home farm, fam plot, 1 mi S of Mt Clare, Harrison Co WV 17

        (26) Harrison County, West Virginia Cemeteries Volume Two, Harrison County Genealogical Society (Harrison County, WV), (Includes Grant Magisterial District; Cemeteries, Clark District Cemeteries, Harrison County WV
NOT LISTED

        (27) Tenmile District Harrison County, WV Cemetery Records, (published 1989, revised 1995 by the Harrison County Genealogical Society, Editor Martha Day Dennison), Pg. 172.
Jackson, Elizabeth Pomeroy, (Wife of Stephen) 1765-1850

        (28) Tombstone reads: 
Elizabeth nee Pomeroy, wife of Stephen 
Born 1765, died 1850

        (29) Glady Stutler Hoffmann, "Colonial Ancestors of Edward Jackson 1741-1807 Revolutionary War Soldier",  (1967) Pg. 5, b. 1765 d. Apr. 1852.  Manuscript found and copied from the Washington Memorial library, Macon, GA.

        (30) Lloyd Jackson, "Lloyd Jackson Notes" handwritten. (Can be found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendents in Horner WV) (HCPD),   Pg. 24, Born 1765 Died 1850.  Transcription of same is in the Table of Contents on this site.

        (31) Harrison County, West Virginia Cemeteries Volume Two, Harrison County Genealogical Society (Harrison County, WV), (Includes Grant Magisterial District; Cemeteries, Clark District Cemeteries, Harrison County WV., Pg. 426 A-1, Addendum information Jackson Cemetery
(* Names marked with * was given by Mrs. Dollie Bassel. The Board of Parks & Recreation shared this information and partial graph with her concerning the restoration of the Jackson Cemetery.
*Bassel Benjamin 1785 - 1856 h/o Susannah

        (32) b. abt. 1780 NJ d. aft. 1860 census
Have found no other source for dates other than 1860 census where he is 80 and born NJ.

        (33) Don Norman File DESCENDANTS OF JOHN STOUT
http://www.rootsweb.com/~hcpd/norman/STOUT1.htm
"born in Middletown, New Jersey in 1780 and died in Harrison County, VA (WV) in 1863"

        (34) Harrison County, West Virginia Cemeteries Volume Two, Harrison County Genealogical Society (Harrison County, WV), (Includes Grant Magisterial District; Cemeteries, Clark District Cemeteries, Harrison County WV., Pg. 426 A-1, Addendum information Jackson Cemetery
(* Names marked with * was given by Mrs. Dollie Bassel. The Board of Parks & Recreation shared this information and partial graph with her concerning the restoration of the Jackson Cemetery.
*Stout I. A. S. NO DATES (Paula: I think it was misread for J. A. S.

        (35 & 36) John David Davis, Harrison County, (West) Virginia, Deed Records, 1785-1810,  Copyright 1993 published by Heritage Books Inc.  Abstracts from microfilm copies:

(35) Pg. 23
16 April 1792, Page 244. George and Elizabeth Arnold, of Harrison County, Virginia to Edward Jackson, of same, for 60 pounds, 200 acres ...both sides Browns Creek ... adjoining Ezekiel Stout.  Signed George Arnold and Elizabeth Arnold. Recorded April 1792.
(36) Page 322
1 September 1806, Page 193. Edward & Martha Jackson, of Harrison County, Virginia to Stephen Jackson, of same, for $600.00, 101 acres ... Browns Creek ... part of 200 acres sold to Jackson by George Arnold.  Signed Edward Jackson and Martha Jackson. Recorded September 1806.

        (37) Unknown P. A. Jackson, "Jackson Ledger" 1887-1911 was copied from a document found at Hacker's Creek Pioneer Descendants Library, at Horner's Corner, WV.  A transcription of this document is on this site; see Table of Contents.

        (38) Zella Hill d/o John H. & Ida B. (Davis) Hill s/o Isaac & Abigail (Yerkey) Hill d/o John G. & Mary Ann (Stutler) Yerkey d/o Elias & Nancy (Hughes) Stutler d/o Jonathan & Abigail (Jackson) Hughes.  Zella married Earl D. Ford and both have passed away.

        (39)  Ruth Dorcus Jackson d/o Joseph Ellis & Carrie May (Spencer) Jackson s/o Salathiel & Ruth Ella (Morris) Jackson s/o Lemuel D. & Susan (Starkey) Jackson s/o William & Hannah (Bennett) Jackson s/o Edward & Martha (Miller) Jackson.  Ruth married Louis Fisli and both have passed away.

        (40) A transcription of the Roy B. Cook Report is on this site on the Resources Page.

        (41) Glady Myrtl Stutler Hoffmann d/o Daniel Ellias Stutler & Emily Bird Heckert s/o Benjamin Franklin Stutler & Elizabeth Jane Bise s/o Elias Stutler & Nancy Hughes d/o Jonathan Hughes & Abigail Jackson.  Glady married Edson Allen Hoffman.  They both have passed away.

         (42) Glady Stutler Hoffmann, "Colonial Ancestors of Edward Jackson 1741-1807 Revolutionary War Soldier", 1967.  Manuscript found and copied from the Washington Memorial Library, Macon, GA.

        (43) Family Tree Maker, CD-ROM, WORLD FAMILY TREE, Volume 11, Pre-1600 to Present  Release date: July 1, 1997, Tree #2005.

        (44) Mary Jackson of Jane Lew, Lewis County, WV was Mary M. Jackson d/o Minter Earle & Alcinda B. (Cookman) Jackson s/o James William & Sarah Ann (Goodloe) Jackson s/o Stephen Pomeroy & Hannah (Bailey) Jackson s/o Stephen & Elizabeth (Pomeroy) Jackson s/o Edward & Martha (Miller) Jackson.  Mary has also passed away.

        (45) John Goodloe Jackson (provider of Edward's second stone) died 03 December 1949 in Jane Lew, Lewis County, WV. Therefore, the new monument for Edward had to be done sometime before his death in 1949.  Perhaps he misread the birth date or the original stone was illegible.  In any case, he had 1730 carved on the new stone that later in 1973, was placed in the 7th Day Baptist Church Cemetery.




Research by Paula Mellor                                                                                  If you have additional information, please email  Janie
Presentation by Janie Kimble and Paula Mellor

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