Jackson Family Genealogy
Table of Contents
Conflicting Data Index

The following is offered as compelling conjecture for the James Jackson found in Wilkes and Ashe Counties in North Carolina being the same James Jackson born in 1746 Morris County, New Jersey, son of John Jackson 1700/1701.


1. DNA results
2. Study of various James Jacksons in the Hempstead line in North Carolina by Bob Mitchell
3. Historical mention of James and the area that he lived in
4. WILL of James Jackson, Ashe County, North Carolina

DNA:  A documented descendant of James Jackson and Abigail Fairchild, Wilkes and Ashe Counties in North Carolina, has participated in the Jackson DNA Project.  The results indicate that James is a descendant of Robert Jackson of Hempstead, Queens, Colony of New York.  The results also give the information that he is not the brother or son of either of the two William Jacksons who were in the 1790 Wilkes County, North Carolina Census. Bob Mitchell has written the following study of all the James Jacksons currently found in the Hempstead line.


The first James appears to be James Jackson, son of COL John Jackson and Elizabeth Seaman.  This James was born 1675 and died 1735.  He and wife Rebecca Hallett produced a James born 1704 and he died unknown.  These two James would have been too old to be the James Jackson we are seeking.  The next generation of James Jacksons produced by the sons of James and Rebecca would be more in the age group we are seeking.  The following sons of this couple are listed below with their known sons named James:

Thomas, 1694, produced James born 1726 in New York
John, 1701, produced James born 1746 in Morris Co., New Jersey
GEN Joseph, 1710, produced James born unknown in New Jersey, he died by age 21

Other sons of James and Rebecca, such as James or William who are documented or Richard, Robert or Samuel who are not documented could have had sons named James, but we have no record of these births. The name James Jackson was not associated with any of the Jackson brothers studied in Anson Co., North Carolina during the earlier years. The name James seems to disappear from the naming pattern of this family in the next generation. There were some James Jackson’s in Anson Co. circa 1800, but they have not been connected to our Jackson line by anyone that I know of.

James, son of Thomas, can be eliminated as he is too old to have been the James we seek.  James, son of GEN Joseph Jackson, can be eliminated as he died too young to have been the James we seek.  James, son of John Jackson, born 1746 is a prime candidate for the James we are seeking.  James Jacksons of the next generation if there were any would seem to be too young to fit the profile of the James Jackson we are seeking.  Therefore we are left with James Jackson, son of John Jackson 1701 of Rockaway, Morris Co. New Jersey.

We know John Jackson was in Morris Co., New Jersey in the early 1700’s in a Iron Forge business and also know that his son James was born there on 5 July 1746.  John Jackson’s endeavor failed in 1753, his brother GEN Joseph Jackson who had also started a foundry about 10 years so after John Jackson’s foundry bought some of the assets of brother, John’s foundry during the sale of 1753.  GEN Joseph Jackson and family are well documented for years after in New Jersey, there are no records found of John Jackson in New Jersey after the Jackson Forge was closed.  It is thought that John and some of his family moved to North Carolina shortly after the closing. 

The following excerpt puts a John Jackson in North Carolina in 1754:

1754: Anson Co., North Carolina, Court Land and Probate Records Vol C-1, Pg 5, Dec 1754, Jacob Paul of Anson Co., Planter, to Anthony Hutchins of same, Planter, for L30 proclamation money…200 A on E side of Brown Creek, granted to Jacob Paul, 28 Sep 1754…Jacob Paul (Seal), Wit: Thomas Herrington (T), Thos. Piper (X), John Jackson

1757: North Carolina, Court Land and Probate Records, Vol C-1, Anson Co., Pp 338-339, 20 July 1757, Benjamin Jackson of Anson Co., to Richard Street, for L6 Provincial Money…137 A on S side of Thompson Creek, adj John Rushings line…James Mathews line…line of Mathis…granted to Sd. Jackson 29 Sep 1750…Benj Jackson (Seal), Wit: James Sundry (X), John Jackson

1758: Anson Co., North Carolina, Court Land and Probate Records, Vol 3, Pg 249, 7 Oct 1758 Benjamin Jackson of Anson to John Jackson, Senr of same for L5…400 A., Benj Jackson (Seal), Wit Phillip Herndon, John Jackson, Recorded according to law, Thomas Frohock, C. C.

1763: Anson County List of Tithables 1763, John Jackson, Sr., John Jackson, Jr.

1768: North Carolina Wills, Book J, Page 8 Will of John Jackson in Anson County N. C. ...daughters Elizabeth , Mary, Sarah and Rebecca, each 5 Sh., my lands and all my movable estate to be sold to the best advantage and the money to be paid as follows: to Daughters Phebe, Jemimah and Hannah to have it equally divided between them. Stephen Jackson and John Perkins, exrs. 15 April 1768 Wit. Job Meadow, John May, Charles Booth Executed 1772, Anson Co., NC

During the same time frame that the above transactions were documented there was another John Jackson doing business in the same area; he was identified as John Jackson, Jr.  His name was associated with the other John Jackson in land transactions as well as with Benjamin Jackson and Stephen Jackson.  John Jackson, born 1701 had a son named John who was born in 1733.  He would have been of age by this time and it is thought that John Jackson, Jr. is in fact the son of the elder John Jackson.  Nothing has been found indicating John Jackson’s oldest son Joseph joined him in Anson Co.  This brings us to his younger son, James who was a very minor child in 1753 when the Jackson Forge closed in Morris Co., New Jersey.  It is possible that John did not bring his entire family to Anson Co. when he first arrived.  Perhaps he and son John came alone to get established and brought their families in later. Absence of census records during that time makes it very difficult to determine.  James would come of age in 1767.  In some cases, if a man of 16 years is working and owns property he will be listed as a tithable.  James Jackson was not listed with the other Jacksons in 1763.  He would have been 17 years old.

In searching known records during the period 1767 through 1800 none were found on James Jackson in Anson Co., North Carolina or Chesterfield Co., South Carolina.  The assumption from this is that James Jackson either did not purchase land, receive a land grant and/or did not witness any legal documents in these counties during his adulthood.  With the above in mind, it is a strong likelihood that James either did not accompany his father and brother to Anson Co. or he left as soon as he was of age.  Oddly, the will of John Jackson, Sr. does not mention any of his sons, but names all of his daughters.  It is possible that Joseph had preceded him in death and James had been taken care of outside the will (this was common with males during those days, most of the time it was done with the first born).

The first record placing James in North Carolina that we have found is the marriage record of he and Abigail dated 3 Feb 1779,  The next records we have are the List of Members of the Three Forks Assn. and land entered in 1796 that was warranted in 1795.  He and Abigail may have living on land owned by his father-in-law Ebenezer during their early marriage years.

1790-1800, Yadkin Baptist Assn, Three Forks Assn, Membership Role shows Ebenezer Fairchild, Mary Fairchild, Rebakah Fairchild, Susannah Fairchild, James Jackson and James Jackson, Jr. as members.  James Jackson was excommunicated in 1795 but was later restored.

1796 James Jackson (File #1193) rec’d grant 1357 dated 17 Oct 1796 for 100A on Meat Camp Creek, waters of New River joining his other entry adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #1997 dated 25 Jun 1795. Grant recorded in Bk 90, pg 9.  Chain carriers: James Jackson, Jr. & Benjamin Jackson; surveyor Hi’m Roussau.

Conclusions: James Jackson husband of Abigail Fairchild could be the son of John 1701.  He was not the son of either Williams in Wilkes Co. due to age.  At least one of the Williams could have been the son of GEN Joseph Jackson of Rockaway, NJ and would have therefore been his first cousin.  Both Williams left the area, one for Kentucky and the other we are told to Pennsylvania (* see below).  We know that William son of Joseph wound up in Carter Co., Tennessee where he died abt 1810.  Like you said in your first message on this subject, this will require a lot of research to prove or disprove our theory. I don't know if it even rises to the level of conjecture unless we can account for all those years between the birth of James son of John and the first records we have.
--end of Bob Mitchell's analysis--

Janie's comment: The above was written before the later results of further DNA testing proved that James was not the son nor brother of either William Jackson.  The second William Jackson in Wilkes County on the 1790 Census in Company 11 is the William Jackson who married Abigail Gillum and later moved to Indiana perhaps by way of Kentucky.  The Jackson DNA Project results have indicated that this second William is not of the Hempstead line.  * The story that says the other William Jackson left Wilkes Co and 'returned to Pennsylvania' has been refuted on this site: Conflicting Data: Study of the William Jacksons in Wilkes County, North Carolina.

James Jackson and many of his associates are mentioned in the book "A History of Watauga County, North Carolina" by John Preston Arthur, first published in 1915, republished in 2002 and available at ancestry.com:

"Although Watauga County, North Carolina, was not established until 1849 from the existing counties of Ashe, Wilkes, Caldwell, and Yancey in northwestern North Carolina, "all of Watauga County on the waters of Watauga River was once a part...of the famous and immortal Old Watauga Settlement of Sevier . . . ." In his History of Watauga County, North Carolina, John Preston Arthur provides an invaluable study of the origins and early settlers of this area rich in genealogical history.

Chapter XIII, pg 207: "Jonathan Buck . . . Richard Green . . . All these people had been members of the Jersey Settlement, as had also been James Tompkins and James Jackson, and afterwards became members of Three Forks Church. The grant of 640 acres of land at this place to William Miller bears date May 1787, and it was doubtless entered some time before. Tompkins' name still adheres to one of the knobs near Deep Gap, and the Jackson Meeting House on Meat Camp Creek will keep his memory alive for years yet to come, for it was the first school house built in this section." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=207

Chapter XIV, Pg 231: "Meat Camp.---This was one of the first places to be settled in Ashe County, William Miller, the Blackburns and James Jackson going there from the Jersey Settlement as early as 1799, while Ebenezer Fairchild, of the same colony, settled on Howard's Creek, only a short distance away. Jackson's grave is still pointed out in the woods near the site of the old Jackson Meeting House, while the cabin of an old hunter named Abbey stood in what is now the garden of John C. Moretz." http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/BookView.aspx?dbid=30007&pageno=231

Pg 322a: "There is also a tradition that the Greens were members of the Jersey Settlement, and that James Jackson, William Miller, the three Bucks, Tompkins and Horton himself were members of the Jersey Settlement. They were all members of the Three Forks Church between 1790 and 1800 . . ."

Chapter IX, pg 106, 107: "Methodism began in this county about 1809 when an itinerant minister, whose name is forgotten . . . This unnamed pioneer in Methodism is said to have stopped first at the home of Gwyn Houck on Old Fields Creek, next at Risden Cooper's on Cranberry, then at James Jackson's on the ridge between Grassy Creek and Meat Camp . . . James Jackson was so much interested in the necessity for some edifice in which all the people might come and worship, go to school or discuss public affairs, that he conveyed to Edmund Blackburn, a brother of Levi, David Miller and Ephraim and William Norris, as trustees, a tract of land for a school house, meeting house or church, as was desired by those using it, to be open at all times to all alike. It was at this house that the first Methodist preacher first preached, but his name has been forgotten. Levi Blackburn lived near Jackson Meeting House at that time . . ."

1741: Pg 88: By May 1741, Bladen County issued deeds on the Great Peedee (Yadkin). It was no accident that the Hopewell group chose its north bank to found their "Jersey Settlement," an area described as: "Ten square miles of the best wheat land in the south, located in (modern) Davidson County, near Linwood. It was composed of many people from New Jersey who had sent an agent there to locate and enter the best land still open to settlement."

Copied from http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/mckstmerjersey.htm
Origins of the Jersey Settlement of Rowan Co., NC by Ethel Stroupe 1996

"About 1745, the New Jersey group (perhaps a dozen or more families) left Back Creek in a wagon train bound for the Yadkin. Based on events after arrival, their leaders were probably Jonathan Hunt and Thomas Smith, but they were almost surely guided by the famous "Waggoneer" and explorer, Morgan Bryan who guided other groups to this general area, and in 1748 brought his own family from the Opequon to form Morgan's Settlement on the south bank of Deep Creek, four miles above the "Shallow Ford" of the Yadkin. [Robert W. Ramsey, Carolina Cradle, Settlement of the Northwest Carolina Frontier, 1747-1762; (U.N.C. Press, 1964; 4th printing 1987), p. 31].

"So began the River Settlements, best reached from the north via an old Indian warpath, widened and renamed The Yading Path. About 1745/6 Thomas Smith received land on Swearing Creek, but his Bladen deed is missing (as are many others.). At age 71, on September 29, 1748, Smith was at Newburn with men from other western communities, petitioning the North Carolina Assembly to form Anson County, because they had to travel over a hundred miles to Bladen court house."

1747 - 1755: The NJ settlers arrived (at Jersey Settlement) from 1747-1755. 400 families arrived abt 1752 Among the many families in this settlement are James Jackson, William Jackson, Ebenezer Fairchild and James Tompkins (Wm's brother-in-law).

1749 Anson County, NC formed.
It is thought that Stephen Jackson and his brother Benjamin settled in eastern North Carolina and eventually moved to Anson County. Stephen and Benjamin are brothers of William’s father, Joseph, making them William’s Uncles. William's Uncle John 1701 and his son John 1733 also are known to have come to NC and probably came at the same time. Uncle John 1701 had another son, James 1743 who is a very likely candidate to be the James that is found with William in Wilkes County. It is probable that they came south together but I have not found records to prove that yet.

North Carolina Land Grants, No. 335, 30 Sep 1749. Gabriel Johnston, governor of North Carolina, to Benjamin Jackson, 200 acres in Anson County. (Uncle of William Jackson.)

1753 Rowan formed from Anson County. Jersey Settlement is now in Rowan Co.

1759 North Carolina Land Grants, No. 1388, 6 Mar 1759, South West Pee Dee, to Stephen Jackson (Uncle of William Jackson)

1751 Ebenezer Fairchild is 21 yrs old and married in Morristown, Morris, NJ
1751 Fairchild, Sarah, Ebenezer's first child is born, Morris Co NJ
1753 Rowan formed from Anson County. The Jersey Settlement people who lived in Bladen/Anson Co now live in Rowan Co.
1753 Fairchild, Stephen Morris Co NJ
1755 Fairchild, Mehitable Morris Co NJ
1757 Fairchild, Salome Morris Co NJ
1759 Fairchild, Abigail Morris Co NJ               (married in 1779 to James Jackson b 1746)
1761 Fairchild, Ann Morris Co NJ
1762 Fairchild, Abiud Westmoreland Co, VA (married in 1780 to Rebecca Jackson b abt 1762)
1763 Fairchild, Abijah Wilkes Co NC
1767 Fairchild, Cyrus Sussex Co, NJ

This gives a good estimate of when Ebenezer finally brought his family to the Jersey Settlement. The above Fairchild dates gathered from various rootsweb charts; I can't guarantee their accuracy.

1772: The following copied from <http://www.surnameguide.com/hook/vannoy_genealogy.htm> Author not given.
This is of interest because it gives the motivation for folks leaving the area surrounding the Jersey Settlement and 'fleeing to the mountains that became Wilkes and Ashe Counties'.
"John Vannoy, b. about 1716; d. about 1778. According to his grandson, Andrew, son of Nathaniel, he m. Susanna Anderson. He moved into Rowan Co., N. C., about 1748 and settled at the mouth of Lick Creek which empties into the Yadkin River near the old Vannoy Fish Dam in what is now Davidson Co., N. C. The first record of him in this vicinity was made by the Rev. Hugh McAlden, a pioneer Baptist preacher, who stated in his diary that he spent the night at the John Vannoy home on the Yadkin River, Sept. 3, 1755. The family lived here until 1772, when, terrorized by the troops of Governor Tryon, which pillaged and destroyed the settlements along the Yadkin River after Alamance, they fled to the mountains in what later became Wilkes and Ashe Counties where some of their children settled and raised families. Both John and Susannah were devoted to the Baptist Church and identified with the great religious revival which that church, through George McNiel and John Gano, was introducing throughout southern Virginia and the Yadkin Valley in North Carolina."

1772: Eaton Church was organized October 5, 1772, with ten members, viz., Elder William Cook, James Tompkins, Ebenezer Fairchild, Abraham and Triphena Adams, Thomas Easteb, Susanna Easteb, David Reavis, Jemima Reavis, and Jesse Reavis. Also Mary Easteb, Elizabeth Tompkins and Veara Bra. At this point in research, this is the earliest record proving James Tompkins and Ebenezer Fairchild were in NC by this time. But histories of the area say that James Jackson was also part of this same group of folks from the Jersey Settlement.

1776 - 1781 Revolutionary War

1778 Wilkes was formed in 1777 from Surry and the District of Washington and a Land Office opened in Wilkes County, North Carolina. The act was to become effective February 15, 1778. When the county was formed all landowners were required to put their ownership on record even though they may have been living on it for some time. So these records would be important to search either at the court house, or if necessary, buy the records from Wilkes Co Gen Soc. This must be what is meant by James ‘entered’ 2 parcels in note below.
***1778 May and Sept. James Tompkins ‘entered’ 2 parcels land in Wilkes Co, NC.

10 Dec 1778 Court Session: William Jackson was part of a jury ordered to attend next term of court as jurors. (Wilkes Co.) Also, James Tompkins was ordered Overseer, new marked road from Reddies River road to top of Blue Ridge Mountain. Don't know which Wm this is.

James married Abigail Fairchild 3 Feb 1779 in Wilkes Co., NC
So James was abt 29 years old when he married if his calculated birth date is correct.

1786 Following are Wilkes County land grants that were issued to James Jackson and a William Jackson in 1786, but which were not recorded until 1788. The grants were for land in the area of Lewis Fork of the Yadkin River. I don't know how to plot these out, but it looks like these are all in the same general area and would indicate that this William is NOT the Wm who married Abigail Gillum, but rather is our William who is related to James.

10 July 1788 Wilkes Co land grants entered:

A) James Jackson (File #832) rec’d grant 829 for 100A on both sides of So. Fork of Lewis Fork adjoining Geo Elmore. Based on warrant/entry #306 dated 4 May 1779. Grant recorded in Bk 66, pg 392. Chain carriers: Moses Tompkins & Ebenezer Fairchild, surv: Jos. Herndon. E24 (Descendant of James Jackson participant in Jackson DNA project; 12 marker test results show James is related to the Hempstead line; 67 marker test in progress as of late June 2008.)

B) James Jackson (File #1193) rec’d grant 1357 dated 17 Oct 1796 for 100A on Meat Camp Creek, waters of New River joining his other entry adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #1997 dated 25 Jun 1795. Grant recorded in Bk 90, pg 9. Chain carriers: James Jackson, Jr. & Benjamin Jackson; surveyor Hi’m Roussau. E27

C) James Jackson (File #1477.5) rec’d grant 1638 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 200A on both sides of Meet Camp Creek, waters of New River adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #1111 dated 2 Jan 1796. Grant recorded in Bk 100, pg 42. Chain carriers: Benjamin Tompkins & James Jackson, Jr.; surveyor Hi’m Roussau. E28

D) James Jackson (File #1478.5) rec’d grant 1639 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 100A on both sides of New River adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #1635 dated 4 Jan 1796. Grant recorded in Bk 100, pg 42. Chain carriers: Benjamine Tompkins & James Jackson, Jr.; surveyor Hi’m Roussau. E29

E) James Jackson (File #1480.5) rec’d grant 1641 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 100A on both sides of Meet Camp Creek, adjoining John Brown; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #6014 dated 4 Jan 1796. Grant recorded in Bk 100, pg 43. Chain carriers: Benjamin Tompkins & James Jackson, Jr.; surveyor H. Roussau. E29

F) James Jackson (File #1497.5) rec’d grant 1658 dated 5 Dec 1798 for 200A on both sides of Meeting House Branch near the ford and of Meet Camp Creek adjoining ; ; ; Based on warrant/entry 182 dated 2 Dec 1793. Recorded in Bk 100, pg 52. Chain carriers: Benj. Tompkins and James Jackson, Jr., surveyor H. Roussau (Hillair (or maybe Hiram) Roussau from E45) E30

1) Wm Jackson (File #812) rec’d grant 809 for 320A on both sides of So Fork, Lewis’s Fork based on warrant/entry #271 dated 4 Mar 1779. Grant recorded in Bk 66, pg 388. Chain carriers were James Jackson & Aaron Campbell; Surveyed by Jos. Herndon.

2) Wm Jackson (File #821) rec’d grant 818 for 20A on both sides Crains Branch, waters of Lewis Fork at his other survey adjoining. . . Based on warrant/entry #54 dated 2 Jun 1786. Recorded in Bk 66, pg 390. Chain carriers: Wm. Jackson & Samuel Castle; surveyor Jos. Herndon. E23

3) Wm Jackson (File #851) rec’d grant 848 for 200A on waters of So Fork at his other survey adjoining. . . Based on warrant/entry #891 dated 19 Aug 1799. Grant recorded in Bk 66, pg 396. Chain carriers were James Jackson & Aaron Campbell; Surveyed by Jos. Herndon. E25

4) Wm Jackson (File #875) rec’d grant 872 for 20A on So Fork of Lewises Fork at his other survey adjoining Jonathan Tompkins; ; ; Based on warrant/entry #53 dated 20 Jun 1786. Recorded in Bk 66, pg 400. Chain carriers: Jonathan Tompkins & Wm. Jackson; surveyor Jos. Herndon. E26

Ashe County, North Carolina Land Grants 1799-1936
Added by JMcAnally5258 on 21 Jul 2008
See table at http://www.newrivernotes.com/nc/ashegrnt.htm NC Dept of Archives
Reference File Number 492 James Jackson 1799 1804 493 James Jackson Jr. 1799 1804 494 James Jackson 1799 1804 495 James Jackson 1799 1804 496 James Jackson 1799 1804 497 James Jackson 1799 1804 498 James Jackson 1799 1804

1787 State Census
Added by JMcAnally5258 on 30 Jun 2008
Have added this record but there are questions. This record for James Jackson is as follows: The Names of Heads of families in Brown District of Wilkes Co., NC.
Pg1 James Jackson Sr. One White male 21-60; Four White males < 21 & > 60; White females all ages 2; Blacks 0.
Pg2 James Jackson One White Male 21-60, no other entry? Which one is our James Jackson? What does this imply? Our James is married to Abigail so James Sr must be the correct one.

In 1790 Ashe County had not yet been organized and the area that became Ashe County was still Wilkes Co. So both James Sr. and James Jr. are counted in 1790 in Wilkes and in 1800 in Ashe; but it was the county lines that moved - not the families. (James Tompkins is also in Ashe Co in 1800.)

1790: The following record taken from the NC 1790 Census Morgan District, 3rd Company showing both James Jackson and a William Jackson together with other close neighbors:

Profit, Sylvester
Sam Castle
Profitt, Jno
Cordwell, Prin'
Jackson, Wm **
Fairchild, Eben **
Case, Isaiah
Lips, Jno
Lips, Jno, Sr.
skip 11 households
Tomkins, Jonathn
West, Wm
Story, Joshua
Jackson, Jas **
Tomkins, Moses
Adams, Wm
Elmore, Thos
Profitt, Wm
Case, Arron
skip another 11 hhs
Fairchild, Elijah
There are relationships between Jacksons and Tompkins, Lips, Fairchilds so I thought it important to show all these close families.

1790 Census
Added by JMcAnally5258 on 19 Jul 2008 (with slight edit by Janie)
Jas Jackson appears about half way down on page 3 of the Ancestry.com photo copy while Wm Jackson and Eben Fairchild appear next to each other at the very bottom right hand column of page 2. A continuation from page 2 to page three probably implies being in proximity to each other. There are four Jacksons listed in Wilkes Co., NC two James and two Wms. The assumed nonrelated James Jackson appear on page 1 and there are Ferugsons near this person, from other research this would imply a that this James Jackson is probably related to the Ralph Jackson lineage of Henrico County, VA. The other Wm Jackson appears on page four and is believed to be the William Jackson who married Abigail Gillum.
Jas Jackson has one male over 16, four male less the 16 and two free white females.

(There is another Wm Jackson in Wilkes Co, this census 11th dist, but he has none of the close associates as above. That one is Jackson, Wm in Morgan Dist, Eleventh District, believed to be the Wm. Jackson who married Abigail Gillum in Wilkes Co abt 1782.)

1790: The Three Forks Baptist Church in Wilkes Co, NC was organized on 6 Nov 1790. Membership from 1790-1800 included the following: Ebenezer Fairchild, Mary Fairchild, Rebakah Fairchild, Susannah Fairchild, James Jackson, James Jackson, Jr., James Tompkins, Elizabeth Tompkins, Ruth (Garsham’s wife) Tompkins, William Tompkins, Garsham Tompkins, Joseph Tompkins, Benjamin Tompkins and others. 1795, James Jackson is excommunicated from the church but is restored shortly there after. (History of Watauga County, John Preston Arthur, 1915, pg 71, <http://www.maprealtyboone.com/real_estate/real_estate_watauga_2.html>

1806 and 1807 Court of Pleas and Quarter Session
Added by JMcAnally5258 on 21 Jul 2008 More information:
1806 Ordered by the court that letters of administration [illegible] on the estate of Ebenezer Fairchild to James Jackson who enters into bond of L500 with Abner Smith security. Ordered by the court that an order of sale issue to James Jackson to sell the personal property of the deceased Ebenezer Fairchild.

James Jackson administrator of Ebenezer Fairchild deceased makes a return amounting to the sum of L432/10/11 makes the sum of the property sold by the administrator

1807 Ordered by the court that Daniel Eggers, Senr, Daniel Eggers, Junr., James Jackson, Isaac Green, Jno. Northern, Anthony Reece, Jno. Norris, Ephraim Norris, Senr., Ephraiom Norris, Junr., John Coleman, Joseph Morphew, Joseph Brown, David Miller, John Brown, Philip Church, James Morris, James Prophet, Landrine Eggers be a jury to view and lay off a road from the turnpike road by Ephraim Norris and into the turnpike road again likewise from the [blank] to the Indian graves on Meat Camp.

1800 Ashe Co NC Census has three James Jacksons:
1) pg 81 this James is 16-25
2) pg 82 this James is 45 or over
3) pg 82 this James is 26-44 and this one is marked James Jr.

IF our James Jr who m Martha Chambers was born in 1780 he would have to be #1 above right?? age abt 20
#2 has to be our James & Abigail as neither of the other 2 are old enough.
So we still don't know who the 3rd one is - even tho he is marked JR. (Jr then did not have to mean s/o, it could have just meant the younger man)
And the 2nd man over 45 (in 1st district) in 1790 does not appear in the Ashe Co census.

1810 census Ashe Co., NC
Added by JMcAnally5258 on 19 Jul 2008
page 5 of Ancestry has a J. Jackson with 2 males 10<16 and possibly one male 45 and up. The marking for the adult male of 45 or older is not definitive but the only conclusion one can come to. One female < 10 and one female 45 and up. There is one other J. Jackson on this 1810 census in Ashe Co., NC on page 13 but the head of the house appears to be 26<45 and the wife 16<26.

Added by JMcAnally5258 on 30 Jun 2008
1820 Census Ashe County, NC
Using the search with only the surname Jackson and Ashe County, NC this James Jackson is the only one that appears and can be assumed to be the residence of James and Abigail Jackson. One male 10-16: one male 45up: one female 10-16: one female 45up: one person in agriculture and zero slaves.

From research of Janeen Proctor:
Tax List 1787 Wilkes Co., NC., 20 acres, Captain Brown District.
Census: 1790 Wilkes Co., NC., 1 M 16+, 3M 16-, 2 F, 0 slaves, 16th Company, part that became Ashe Co., NC.
Census: 1800 Ashe Co., NC.
Census: 1810 Ashe Co., NC.
Census: 1820 Ashe Co., NC.
Will: 25 FEB 1826 Ashe Co., NC., Will book A, pg 82, names wife, Abigail, sons, John, James, Benjamin, Ebenezer, Daniel, Jesse, Isaac and daughter, Mary Jackson.

Janie's estimated birth dates for Abigail, James' wife:
This is in Abigail's Notes:
1800 Census Ashe Co. age btw 26 and 44  (1756-1774)
1810 Census Ashe Co. age over 45              (1756-1774)
1820 Census Ashe Co. age over 45              (1756-1774)
1830 Census Ashe Co. age btw 70 & 80      (1756-1760)

James's estimated date is less precise because he didn't live long enough to be on the 1830 record:
1787 State Census age btw 21 & 60             (1727-1766)
1790 Fed Census age btw 24 & 63               (1727-1766)
1800 Fed Census age over 45                       (1727-1755)
1810 & 1820 age over 45

James Jackson's Will 1826 was provided by Janeen Proctor:

Ashe County, North Carolina Will Book A, Page 82

In the name of God amen, I, James Jackson of the County of Ashe and State of North Carolina, being of health of body and of perfect mind and memory thanks be given unto God calling unto mind the immortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for me once to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament that is to say principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul into the hand of Almighty God that gave it and my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in decent Christian burial at the discretion of my executors nothing doubting but at the great resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God. And as touching such worldly estate where with it has pleased God to bless me in this life I give, devise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form.

First I give and becueath to my dear beloved wife Abigill Jackson one hundred acres of land that I now live on. Beginning on John Brown's line running east. Also I observe the 100 acres of land that I give to my wife Abigill is for her to live on her lifetime, then it is to be John Jackson's with all appertainances. I also give to my wife Abigill all the stock and working tools of every sort with household furniture. I also give to my son James Jackson Two Dollars, having had his part of estate. Mary Jackson debtor ten dollars, Benjamin Jackson debtor 18 dollars, Ebenezer Jackson has had nothing, Daniel Jackson debtor forty dollars, Jesse Jackson debtor forty dollars, Isaac Jackson debtor $130.00, John Jackson debtor $60.00.

I shall observe that all my just debts is to be paid. I shall observe that all the rest of my property be sold at public sale and the money be equally divided. I also appoint my son Benjamin Jackson to be my Executor.

February 25th 1826                               James Jackson (seal)

Attest: David Miller Charles Pagan Jurat.

North Carolina)    Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, August Term 1826
Ashe County   )     I, Thos. Calloway, Clerk of the County Court of Ashe Co.

(if there was more, it was not available on my copy, Janie)

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